Blog Assignment Week 5: Research around the World

 

What are some of the current international research topics?

The area I decided to explore was Germany, I found attendance at nursery school ( Kindergarten) is voluntary in Germany and parents are required to pay a fee. However, in some western areas of Germany, there aren’t nearly enough nursery school places available to meet demand. Due to the long waiting lists, some parents enroll their children at birth to ensure a place once the children get old enough.

What surprising facts/insights/new ideas about early childhood did you gain from exploring this international early childhood website?

I also found because of the low number of childcare program parents aren’t able to work and because of that at one point In 2013, Germany declared that every child over the age of 1 has the legal right to space in a public daycare facility. This past fall, while America’s election unfolded, Germany’s highest court took this mandate one step further: It ruled that parents may sue for lost wages if they can’t find a place for their child in a public daycare center. This decision came in response to three mothers who filed a lawsuit declaring that authorities neglected to create the necessary daycare slots required by the 2013 ruling. Because the mothers couldn’t find a child-care center with any openings in their hometown of Leipzig, their lawyers argued that they were unable to return to work after giving birth, resulting in a loss of earnings.

Because of the shortage in early development program, parents enroll their children at birth to ensure a place for their child, most parent struggle to pay for childcare due to limited space.

What have been done The Commission has set out the priorities for early childhood education and care – with the aim of improving access to and the quality of services from birth to the start of compulsory schooling

What other noteworthy information did I find on this website?

This site also spoke about next steps and plans for 2020.

  • By 2020 at least 95% of pre-school children of 4 years or older should participate in early childhood education. Countries’ improvements in relation to the target are monitored on a yearly basis
  • EU countries are currently developing methods to monitor the quality of early childhood schooling and care. These efforts are coordinated by the Thematic Working Groups for Schools policy

Reference:

http://ec.europa.eu/education/policy/school/early-childhood_en

A positive example of the effects of research on children and/or families:

Parents and their relationship with their child are and important part of healthy development to me. So I such the web for research that shows data that the parent-child relationships are very important. The research topic I focus on was Parenting skills program and the amount of research collected below is a copy if the research I found. 

Parenting skills

Adverse Childhood Experiences

mmmmmm

The 10 ACEs the researchers measured:

1,2 – Physical, sexual & verbal abuse

3,4 – Physical and emotional neglect

5,6,7 – A family member who is:

  • depressed or diagnosed with other mental illness;

  • addicted to alcohol or another substance;

  • in prison.

8 – Witnessing a mother being abused

9, 10 – Losing a parent to separation, divorce or other reason

My Research !

mnb My research journey started with the rude awaking about toxic stress and how it can affect the development of young children.

Not only can it affect their development but cause derail future growth and development well in a person adult life.  My current focus of this research is to explore how toxic stress better known as ADEVERESE CHILDHOOD EXPERICES can affect the development of soical , Emotional and Cognitive development.

The chart above provides a snapshot of how toxic stress/adverse childhood experiences can affect the development of a child. From a personal assumption to create a better society we first have to start with fostering healthy development in young children.  But healthy development can be disrupted by excessive or prolonged adversities. 

Such adversities know as toxic stress can have harmful effects on learning, behavior, development, and future health Sigler, M. K. (2016).  Learning how to cope with adversities early on appears to be the foundation of healthy development.

 From a personal hypothesis, the two main factors that will help with the fight against toxic stress are the development of resilience and healthy early social and emotional/ cognitive development. 

 

Reference:

Sigler, M. K. (2016). Expanding Transition: Redefining School Readiness in Response to Toxic Stress. Voices In Urban Education, (43), 37-45. 

Week 3-Research that Benefits Children and Families—Uplifting Stories: Option 1 Cultural Issues in Ethical Research

One topic after reading this chapter that stood out to me was how some researchers treat minority groups as curiosities rather than as people, or as objects to be researched, rather than subjects.  Cultural differences between researchers and the researched may lead to misunderstanding.

When doing research with family I think it can be a challenge. In my current job, I see a clear difference in the way testing is done based on cultural, which causes me to feel that the outcome may not be accurate. For example, we offer a parent survey (pre-test) and  I assumed that parents are scoring really low on the survey because they can’t comprehend the question.

Yet, when we review the topic in class they are able to verbal give the correct answer. Yet the score from there pre-test is being used in research and studies. I am not sure how to change that or to make I better.

However, we have found that reading  the question , is one way to help and to make sure that the test taker are getting a clear understanding.

Chosen topic for the simulation: The Adverse Childhood Experiences Study (ACE Study)

The Adverse Childhood Experiences Study (ACE Study) is a topic that has to grow to be a part of my passion. I often wonder how, why, and what cause people to behavior the way they do. Also, I often wonder why negative behavior seems to naturally occurs in young children and positive behavior have to be taught. I found as a teacher I  had to teach positive behavior, yet negative behavior appeared to be a part of the student’s DNA.

What is  Adverse Childhood Experiences?

The relationship of health risk behavior and disease in adulthood to the  breadth of exposure to childhood emotional, physical, or sexual abuse, and household  dysfunction during childhood has not previously been described

Reference

Felitti, V. J., An:da, R. F., Nordenberg, D., Williamson, D. F., Spitz, A. M., Edwards, V., … & Marks, J. S. (1998). Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults: The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study. American journal of preventive medicine, 14(4), 245-258.

 



International connection!

The things I have learned from my international connection is that no matter where you are early childhood is a factor that everyone needs help with. Because most families experience Adverse childhood experiences ( trauma)  the quest provide effective care for every child is almost a mystery.  Never the less the change is on the rise. However, the students in china not only had to deal with the lack of fun, shelter along with many other things but they have to work to help meet the need of the families.  The quest to learn more about  Early childhood is on the rise and a change will soon come.