Upon making a great attempt to speak with someone about poverty I found a video , that explains how real poverty is. The shows how young children have to live without their parents.
In China today, poverty refers mainly to the rural poor as decades of economic growth has largely eradicated urban poverty. … The growing income inequality is illustrated most clearly by the differences in living standards between the urban, coastal areas and the rural, inland regions.
Poverty exists around the world. It’s in developing countries as well as in the modern world. While the effects are often similar, the causes vary greatly from area to area. In China, there is a unique set of circumstances leading to the current conditions.
Even with China’s recent improvement in poverty, there are still over 252 million people living on less than $2/day . Most of them live in rural areas where even the best-intentioned policies fail to make a real impact.
5 Causes of Poverty in China
Rural-urban Migration-People moves into urban centers at a record pace in search of high-paying jobs. While this creates a substantial amount of poverty in the cities with people taking underpaying jobs and increasing their cost of living substantially
Hukou System and Migrant Workers-The unfair and the discriminatory system began in 1958 and is credited with preventing large slums from forming around major cities like those in India and Latin America.
Education Gap-The system has had some success for urban children but has created a large divide between urban and rural students. Many of the urban students attend state-of-the-art facilities to learn from outstanding teachers. Rural children are subjected to deteriorating buildings, poor materials, and substandard education.
Access to Healthcare-For families in the rural areas, their local government often is underfunded, medical clinics are few and far between, and the level of care is lacking.
Over two-thirds of China’s rural population make their living from farming, forestry or fishing. The poorer the household, the larger portion of income is derived from agricultural activities. With the urban migration of males, it leaves women and children to particularly vulnerable. Farming in rural China faces several challenges:
- Remote locations without paved roads and poor markets
- Unsafe drinking water
- Naturally dry climate, over-cultivation and excessive demand on water and soil
- Lack of skills and capacity
- Reliance on traditional farming equipment and techniques