My Research !

mnb My research journey started with the rude awaking about toxic stress and how it can affect the development of young children.

Not only can it affect their development but cause derail future growth and development well in a person adult life.  My current focus of this research is to explore how toxic stress better known as ADEVERESE CHILDHOOD EXPERICES can affect the development of soical , Emotional and Cognitive development.

The chart above provides a snapshot of how toxic stress/adverse childhood experiences can affect the development of a child. From a personal assumption to create a better society we first have to start with fostering healthy development in young children.  But healthy development can be disrupted by excessive or prolonged adversities. 

Such adversities know as toxic stress can have harmful effects on learning, behavior, development, and future health Sigler, M. K. (2016).  Learning how to cope with adversities early on appears to be the foundation of healthy development.

 From a personal hypothesis, the two main factors that will help with the fight against toxic stress are the development of resilience and healthy early social and emotional/ cognitive development. 



Sigler, M. K. (2016). Expanding Transition: Redefining School Readiness in Response to Toxic Stress. Voices In Urban Education, (43), 37-45. 


Week 3-Research that Benefits Children and Families—Uplifting Stories: Option 1 Cultural Issues in Ethical Research

One topic after reading this chapter that stood out to me was how some researchers treat minority groups as curiosities rather than as people, or as objects to be researched, rather than subjects.  Cultural differences between researchers and the researched may lead to misunderstanding.

When doing research with family I think it can be a challenge. In my current job, I see a clear difference in the way testing is done based on cultural, which causes me to feel that the outcome may not be accurate. For example, we offer a parent survey (pre-test) and  I assumed that parents are scoring really low on the survey because they can’t comprehend the question.

Yet, when we review the topic in class they are able to verbal give the correct answer. Yet the score from there pre-test is being used in research and studies. I am not sure how to change that or to make I better.

However, we have found that reading  the question , is one way to help and to make sure that the test taker are getting a clear understanding.

Chosen topic for the simulation: The Adverse Childhood Experiences Study (ACE Study)

The Adverse Childhood Experiences Study (ACE Study) is a topic that has to grow to be a part of my passion. I often wonder how, why, and what cause people to behavior the way they do. Also, I often wonder why negative behavior seems to naturally occurs in young children and positive behavior have to be taught. I found as a teacher I  had to teach positive behavior, yet negative behavior appeared to be a part of the student’s DNA.

What is  Adverse Childhood Experiences?

The relationship of health risk behavior and disease in adulthood to the  breadth of exposure to childhood emotional, physical, or sexual abuse, and household  dysfunction during childhood has not previously been described


Felitti, V. J., An:da, R. F., Nordenberg, D., Williamson, D. F., Spitz, A. M., Edwards, V., … & Marks, J. S. (1998). Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults: The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study. American journal of preventive medicine, 14(4), 245-258.


International connection!

The things I have learned from my international connection is that no matter where you are early childhood is a factor that everyone needs help with. Because most families experience Adverse childhood experiences ( trauma)  the quest provide effective care for every child is almost a mystery.  Never the less the change is on the rise. However, the students in china not only had to deal with the lack of fun, shelter along with many other things but they have to work to help meet the need of the families.  The quest to learn more about  Early childhood is on the rise and a change will soon come.

Getting to Know Your International Contacts:The disease that killing America and China !

I was unable to contact my friend in CHINA,  However,  I have been doing research on the effect of a  disease that killing our future. This is not a  like HIV or CANCER , but this can  be the root cause of many illnesses.  

This horrible  disease is known as ACEs which is known as Adverse Childhood Experiences. Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are a significant risk factor for substance use disorders and can impact prevention efforts. Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic events, including abuse and neglect.

In china, there was research done  in which they connected ACEs to the onset of DSM-IV disorders.

The prevalence of family childhood adversities and their association with the first onset of DSM-IV disorders in metropolitan China. 

The prevalence of family childhood adversities (FCAs) and their joint effects on the first onset of subsequent mental disorders throughout the life course are rarely examined, especially in Asian communities.

Face-to-face household interviews of 5201 people aged 18–70 years in Beijing and Shanghai were conducted by a multi-stage household probability sampling method. The first onsets of four broad groups of mental disorders and six categories of FCAs were assessed using The World Mental Health Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WMH-CIDI). Joint effects of FCAs were analyzed by the best fitting of several competitive multivariate models.

FCAs were highly prevalent and inter-correlated. Half of them were in a family-dysfunction cluster. The best-fitting model included each of six types of FCA (with family dysfunction FCAs being the strongest predictors), a number of family dysfunction FCAs, and a number of other FCAs. Family-dysfunction FCAs had a significant subadditive association with subsequent disorders. Little specificity was found for the effects of particular FCAs with particular disorders. Predictive effects of FCAs reached the highest in ages 13–24 compared to ages 4–12 and ⩾25. Estimates of population-attributable risk proportions indicated that all FCAs together explained 38.5% of all first-onset disorders.

Chinese children were exposed to a broad spectrum of inter-related FCAs, as found in Western countries. FCAs related to family dysfunction were especially associated with subsequent mental disorders. Biological and/or environmental factors that mediate these long-term effects should be studied in prospective research on broad groups of FCAs.


Guo, Wan-jun Tsang, Adley Li, Tao and Lee, Sing 2011. Psychiatric epidemiological surveys in China 1960–2010: how real is the increase of mental disorders?. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, Vol. 24, Issue. 4, p. 324.
Kieling, Christian Baker-Henningham, Helen Belfer, Myron Conti, Gabriella Ertem, Ilgi Omigbodun, Olayinka Rohde, Luis Augusto Srinath, Shoba Ulkuer, Nurper and Rahman, Atif 2011. Child and adolescent mental health worldwide: evidence for action. The Lancet, Vol. 378, Issue. 9801, p. 1515
Pearson, Geraldine S. 2010. The Past Defines the Present. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, Vol. 46, Issue. 3, p. 169.